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Development of a Framework for e-Assessment on Students' Devices

On the Challenges of Applying BYOD in Digital Examinations

In line with the general trend towards digitization, teaching at German universities is increasingly relying on digital elements, such as learning management systems or smartphone apps. This evolution is also taking place in exercises and practical courses associated with lectures. For example, it is quite common for students to use their own devices in programming exercises. However, examinations are not yet part of this development. Due to the situation described above, there is a media disruption between the course itself and the associated exam.

The decision to continue writing exams on paper is often made based on reservations, most of which concern the fairness and reliability of e-assessment. In particular, students’ reservations, for example because they feel responsible for a functioning device, are a major obstacle to the introduction of e-Assessment. These reservations are countered by the advantages of e-Assessment, which can make e-Assessment of high value for education. It is therefore important to overcome these reservations. In addition to reservations, financial reasons are often an obstacle. The acquisition and administration of a suitable IT infrastructure is expensive, both in terms of material costs and personnel costs. Since the majority of students already own devices that are potentially suitable for e-assessment, Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) is a possible solution to the financial aspect. Additionally, a BYOD approach enables students to work in a familiar software environment.

The goal of the dissertation is to develop a flexible framework for conducting electronic exams on students’ devices. The focus is put on the security and reliability of the software and the equal treatment of students.